ASGP (2016), vol. 86: 211–218


Rafał SIUDA (1), Justyna DOMAŃSKA-SIUDA (1) & Robert BORZĘCKI (2)

1) Faculty of Geology University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland; siuda at
2) Mineralogical Museum, Obozowa 4, 57-401 Nowa Ruda, Poland

Siuda, R., Domańska-Siuda, J. & Borzęcki, R., 2016. Saléeite, Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2, from the Wojcieszyce uranium deposit (Lower Silesia, Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 86: 211–218.

Abstract: The secondary uranium mineral, saléeite, was found in dumps of the former Wojcieszyce Uranium Mine. It occurs as tiny tabular crystals, up to 0.3 cm in size. The chemical formula, which was calculated on the basis of a 12 spot analyses is: (Mg0.73Fe0.05K0.04Ca0.04)Σ0.86(UO2)2.16(PO4)2.00·10H2O. The cation position is occupied mainly by Mg. The Mg ions are partially substituted by Fe, K and Ca. The tetrahedral position is occupied by the PO43- ion. The interaction between acidic pore solutions (originating from the reaction of pyrite oxidation), uraninite and minerals of the host rocks (chlorite, apatite) leads to the release of Mg2+, UO22+ and PO43- ions. These ions are adsorbed by amorphous Fe oxyhydroxides and poorly ordered ferrihydrite. Crystallization and recrystallization of these phases leads to the release of adsorbed ions and favours the crystallization of saléeite. The coexistence of saléeite and goethite, which forms by recrystallization of ferrihydrite, points to an important role of sorption and desorption of Mg2+, PO43- and UO22+ ions in the process of crystallization of this mineral species. Crystallization of saléeite occurs at a pH of 5.5–6.0. The supergene zone of the Wojcieszyce deposit is the first occurrence of saléeite in Poland.

Manuscript received 6 March 2015, accepted 23 May 2016